One of the smallest breeds, the Pomeranian makes up for its size in spunkiness and spirit. Pomeranians may try to dominate other dogs, be leery of strangers, and guard their toys and food bowl. With early socialization and proper training, they make loyal adult companions and fit well with apartment life.

Breed-related concerns

Every dog breed carries a distinct set of genetic advantages and health risk factors. The following are the most common diseases found in the Pomeranian breed. Hopefully, your Pomeranian will not face these problems. However, early detection and preventive healthcare can make all the difference in helping your dog live a longer, happier life (see breed-related disease descriptions below).

Puppy (birth to 1 year)*

  • Retained deciduous teeth
  • Cryptorchidism

Adult (1 to 6 years)*

  • Adrenal sex hormone alopecia
  • Tracheal collapse
  • Patella luxation
  • Obesity
  • Hypothyroidism

Senior (7 years and older)*

  • None listed

Breed-related disease descriptions

Listed in alphabetical order. *Please note that these common diseases can occur earlier or later in the dog’s life.

Adrenal sex hormone alopecia.

A fuzzy, thin hair coat and hair loss of unknown cause. May be due to hormone imbalances. Signs may include hair loss affecting the main part of the body, the neck and hind legs, dark skin (hyperpigmentation) and a fuzzy-appearing hair coat.


One or both testicles fail to descend and are not present in the scrotum. Signs are often first detected during a routine physical exam. If not removed, undescended testicles are more likely to become cancerous or twist up causing blood to stop flowing to it.


Insufficient thyroid hormone production caused by disease of the thyroid glands. Symptoms include hair loss, obesity, lethargy, cold intolerance and skin infections.


Pomeranians have a tendency to want to eat treats and only treats. This leads to the pet being overweight and the extra weight puts more pressure on the trachea (windpipe). Since they have collapsing trachea problems to begin with, the extra weight will only increase the chances of having respiratory problems.

Patella luxation.

The kneecap slips out of place occasionally leading to pain and lameness. Symptoms include holding the affected limb up off the ground, not wanting to exercise and lameness of hind legs.

Retained deciduous teeth.

Delayed shedding of deciduous (“baby”) teeth can cause adult teeth to grow in crooked or out of place. This can cause food to become entrapped and, left untreated, can lead to severe gum disease.

Tracheal collapse.

Progressive weakening of the walls of the trachea (wind pipe) which allows it to collapse in on itself. Signs may include coughing (especially when excited or during exercise), difficulty breathing and wheezing. Cough often sounds harsh or like honking.

Help your dog live a longer, healthier life. Ask your veterinarian about a breed-related preventive health plan.

Print Friendly, PDF & Email